Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

A physical therapist uses several exercises and modalities to treat various musculoskeletal disorders, sometimes for depressing pain in several disorders such as in fibromyalgia. Sometimes physical therapists may induce slight electric stimulation in your body for speeding up the post-operative healing process. The procedure of applying current to the body is known as TENS(transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation).

A TENS unit is a small battery-operated device that can help to manage pain and reduce the sensation of pain in our body. This device has electrodes that are attached to our body near the area which needs electrical nerve stimulation. electrical impulses can be adjusted in frequency and intensity as well according to the individual needs of the patient.

Benefits of TENS

The transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation unit is very lightweight so you can carry it even in your pocket or maybe attach it to your belt. So you can use it anytime when needed for painful moments.

In addition to this, it is also thought to alter the normal pain cycle of the body and help to manage the pain. 

The electrical stimulation to the body may trigger the release of natural painkillers called porphyrin

In addition to all of that, it is a non-invasive method of pain relief and it can be used in addition to or as a pain reliever medication

Uses of TENS

TENS is a very effective tool for chronic long term and short term acute pains in muscles or is musculoskeletal component sets of the body it can treat following conditions

  • Several types of arthritis
  • Fibromyalgia  sharp pain in muscles, tendon, joints, and lips garments of the body especially along the spine)
  • Knee joint pain back pain neck pain and Tendonitis Is a conditions in which our tendons are inflammed
  • Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which nerves are damaged that connects the brain and spinal cord to the body
  • Hardening of arteries


Before any type of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation ask your physical therapist to make sure that it is safe for you. Never try to use transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation if you are pregnant or planning to be pregnant or if you have certain medical disorders such as epilepsy, poor sensation, or a pacemaker. In addition to that never apply electrodes at

  • Head 
  • Neck
  • Mouth or eyes
  • Chest and upper back at the same time
  • Broken or burned  skins
  • Tumors
  • Sensitive areas
  • Allergic areas
  • On a scar tissue
  • Numb areas