Thoracic outlet syndrome

It is a condition in which the nerves or blood vessels that are running between the clavicle bone and first rib are pressed. It is a group of disorders. This can affect the shoulder neck and fingers in our body

Symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome

Most commonly there are three symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome these are:

  • Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome

This common type of syndrome is due to

The compression o the brachial plexus is a network of nerves that come from your spine and control your shoulder, neck, ar,m, and hand. That’s why when you suffer from neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome you feel pain in your shoulder and neck and numbness of arms and fingers.

  • Venous thoracic outlet syndrome

In this type of thoracic disease instead of your nerves, your veins are compressed; mostly clavicle veins are compressed and its results in blood clots in the clavicle region. Its sign and symptoms include discoloration of the hand, A clot in the clavicle region, arm fatigue, and a feeling of throbbing in specific areas of the clavicle region

  • Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome

It is the rare type of thoracic outlet syndrome in which an artery is pressed in the clavicle region leading to the enlargement of the artery also known as an aneurysm. The sign and symptoms of the aortic thoracic syndrome are a feeling of cold in arms and hand cyanosis of arms, hand and arm pain weak pulse, or diminished pulse.

Causes of  thoracic outlet syndrome

It is usually caused by the compression of vessels, arteries, or nerves in the area of the clavicle. The most common symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome are

  • These can be anatomical defects which can be by birth such as the presence of an extra rib or super tight fibrous band which connect your hips to the spine
  • A poor posture can also lead to this syndrome it involves keeping head forward and dropping shoulders for a longer duration of time
  • Any physical trauma can also lead to this condition.

How can physical therapy help?

With several medications, physical therapy is the prime treatment for thoracic outlet syndrome especially if you have neurogenic outlet syndrome. A physical therapist to help you with several exercises that stretch and strengthen your shoulder muscles which result in broadening of the thoracic cavity. It also aids in improving your range of motion and strengthening your muscles. Regular repetition of this exercise removes pressure from your arteries veins and nerves in the thoracic cavity and helps in normalizing the condition