Scoliosis and physical therapy

We can maintain our anatomical position or upright position because our spine is straight and it bends downwards when we bend but sometimes there is a curve in the spine either in the left direction or in the right direction which is not normal and can cause several postures and health issues this curve in the spine is called scoliosis. In scoliosis, our spine is S or C shaped


It is a condition that is identified in the early stages of life most commonly when a child is of 7 years the most common causes of scoliosis are

  • Cerebral palsy is a group of diseases in which a person able to speak, move, learn and hear is defective
  • A muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that can affect all the muscles from head to toe and in this, the muscles of the body become to weaken with time
  • Spinal injuries in childhood
  • Different birth defects such as spina bifida
  • Spinal disorders
  • Wear and tear of cartilage


It is a disease that not only affects our poster but also has multiple effects on the body such as

    • Shoulders are not even to each other
    • Bump in the lower back
    • One hip higher than other
    • Numbness and weakness in the leg
    • Impossible to maintain an upright posture
    •  Waist Is not even
    • Short height
  • Trouble walking and shortness of breath


 There are two types of scoliosis

One is congenital in which the spine is affected by birth

There is neurological in which muscles of the spine are affected

How can physical therapy help?

There is no medication for scoliosis. The only treatment process is physical therapy or surgical treatment of the spine. The most common treatment for scoliosis is a soft brace which a patient wears around his back for 13 to 16 hours. The physical therapy treatment includes maintaining exercises such as yoga and stretching exercises which help to strengthen the muscle of the back and bring the spine back to the normal position from position. Schroth exercises are used by physical therapists which helps to improve posture and pain and to teach patients how to maintain their spinal position during their normal activities. These are specific sets of exercises that target the muscles of the leg and back and also maintain an upright position. The only possible treatment for scoliosis is an extensive physical therapy treatment or surgery but in most cases, if the physical therapy is done effectively then there is no need for surgery, and the patient is cured for a lifetime by this.