Rotator cuff injury and physical therapy

How many functions you can perform by using your shoulder joint, the extension flexion adduction abduction, and circumduction all movements of your upper limb depend on your shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is stabilized by a set of muscles and ligaments known as rotator cuff these stabilize the shoulder joint in a shallow socket if there is any wear and tear in this muscle and tendons then we will unable to perform daily functions and the normalized degree of movements is compromised

 This condition is termed rotator cuff injury


Several risk factors can lead to rotator cuff injury most of the factors can be controlled by care, proper exercise, and diet some of the most common causes of rotator cuff injury are

  • Age is one of the most common causes of rotator cuff injury with the increase in the age above 40 muscles and tendons wear and tear because of general weakness in our body after 40 out body become more prone to rotator cuff injury
  • Bones spurs can also affect the functioning of attached muscles and tendons. The friction between the bones spurs and attach muscle can cause this condition if left untreated it worsens and may progress to complete tear of the attached muscle
  • A decreased blood flow to rotator cuff muscles can deprive the muscles of nutrients as a result the muscles weaken and can lead to injury
  • Physical trauma or damage born can also cause rotator cuff injuries
  • Bad lifestyle habits such as smoking and lack of exercise are one of the major risks of muscle and tendon damage
  • Poor posture and excessive use of rotator cuff muscles such as by sportsmen can also cause wear and tear.


In the beginning, it is difficult to identify a rotator cuff injury but as the symptom progresses it becomes easy to identify that our shoulder joint is not functioning well because of muscle and tendon dysfunction

  • The most common symptom which is reported by rotator cuff injury patients is a pain in the shoulder joint whether it is in rest or motion
  • Worsening of pain when flexion extension adduction abduction or circumduction movements of shoulder joints occur
  • Unable to achieve the maximum degree of movement
  • A pain that worsens at night
  • Generalized shoulder weakness and inability to lift items

Treatment by physical therapy

Most of the time a physician will ask you to undergo surgery but out of 10 eight cases of rotator cuff injury can be cured by a proper physical therapy treatment. It is the most recommended treatment for a rotator cuff injury. Many people with rotator cuff injury can control pain, achieve the maximum degree of mobilization and manage other symptoms through physical therapy sessions. A physical therapist will prepare a specific set of exercises according to your symptoms and perform other therapies such as needling and icing as well which can depress your symptoms and can help you to treat your rotator cuff injury without expensive surgical treatment.